Saturday, August 14, 2010

Types of Zikr

Types of Zikr

There are three types of Zikr:

1. Practical

2. Verbal

3. Silent

1. Practical

Practical Zikr, also known as "Zikr-e-Faily", is performed with one's obedient actions. It comprises of obedience to:

i) The commandments of Allah Pak

i.e. Prayer, Fasting, Hajj, Umrah, Zakat, charity etc

ii) The Sunnah of our Holy Prophet (saw)

i.e. eating, drinking, sleeping, walking, talking, dressing etc.

2. Verbal

Verbal Zikr, also known as "Zikr-e-Lisani", is observed with one's tongue. It comprises of:

i) Loud Zikr; i.e. Azan, Takbir, Collective zikr.

ii) Low tone zikr, i.e. Tasbihat, ma's noon Dua.

3. Silent

Silent Zikr, also known as "Qalbi Zikr", "Zikr-e-Kafi" and "Daimi Zikr" is performed within oneself. There are many stages to silent zikr. The first and foremost of which is Qalbi Zikr: Remembrance of Allah Pak from within the heart.

Most, if not all, of us, are familiar with both practical and verbal forms of zikr and we'll have at some point practiced them within our life. Silent Zikr, on the other hand, is less well known. This is because this form of zikr is practiced and taught only by the Friends of Allah Pak.

Types of Zikr & Sufi Orders

As one will have understood from the Sufism Introduction the path towards reaching Allah Pak comprises the following four elements:

1. Full adherence to Shariah: The Islamic Law

2. Observance of all Sunnah.

3. Remembrance of Allah Pak: Zikr

4. Code of Love & Discipline

It is because there are many types of Zikr, that there are many paths towards Allah Pak. These paths, known as Sufi Orders, vary primarily on the type of Zikr chosen to lead the Follower to Allah Pak.

From the four famous Sufi orders, Qadiri, Chisti & Soharwardi all start the Follower off with verbal zikr later moving onto Qalbi Zikr. The Naqshbandi order, however, begins by taking the Follower directly on Qalbi Zikr

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